This website is dedicated to academic discussions about the people of Bangsamoro. It was conceptualized by students of section TFX4 of Kasaysayan 1 class, 2nd Semester, Academic Year 2005-2006, University of the Philippines Diliman. This site is in partial fulfillment of the requirements of Dr. Jaime Veneracion of the Department of History of the College of Social Sciences and Philosophy.

Thursday, March 23, 2006

The Kaagan

The Kaagan, also called Kagan and Kalagan, are the Islamized indigenous peoples in the Western Davao gulf area. The Kalagans became Muslim probably during the middle of the 19th century, due to a combination of the following factors:1. The political pressure and/or influence of the Tausug migrants in Davao;
2. Contact with the Maguindanao sultanate,3. Extensive exposure and Intermarriages of Kalagan and Masuind Tausug.

The Kaagans are mostly found in Dava Sirawan, around Tagum, Davao del Norte, Mati Davao Oriental some places in Davao del Sur, and the other two Davao provinces. As of 1981, there are 6000 Kaagans in the country.

Kaagan language has many bahasa sug root words because of the arrival of the Tausugs who helped them organize their tribal society.
The Kalagans use Tagakaolo language, Maguindanaon words are increasingly used.
They are classified as: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Meso Philippine, Central Philippine, Mansakan, Western.
They have 82% intelligibility of Piso dialect, bilingualism in Cebuano, strong ethnic identity, preference for Kalagan language over Cebuano. Literacy rate in second language is perhaps 60%.
With the departure of the Tausug and Maguindanao influences at the height of the Filipinization process. Most of them have been marginalized and were helpless to improve their society because their social organization did not improve as those in Lanao and Sulu.

They are agriculturists, cultivating rice, coconut for crashed crops, while those living along the coast engage in fishing.


Blogger Ampat's Boy said...

Salam Alaikom, I have question about the population of the kaagan tribe because in the other site, they said that the population of Kalagan is 79,000 bigger than 6,000 you said. And i thought that our population is more than 70,000 plus because in Davao Oriental, we are so many here and bigger than 6,000 population

3:12 PM  
Anonymous sug said...

brother, tha 6,000 population is way back in 1981.. now in 2011 your population has bloated with an estimated population of more than 70,000

8:12 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

what are the main color used in kalagan costumes, accessories and others? what are the meaning of each color? is it true that yellow is the royalty color of kalagan? why so?

10:48 AM  

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